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Interfaces in crystalline materials

front cover of concepts of materials science

This book spans an area at the heart of materials science: the structure and properties of internal interfaces. Attention is given to all major types of interfaces - homophase and heterophase, sharp and diffuse - between the major types of materials - metals, ceramics, semiconductors etc. Part I is concerned with structure and begins with the geometry and crystallography of interfaces (Chapter 1) and then proceeds to dislocation models (Chapter 2). The subject of interatomic forces is taken up in Chapter 3 to set the scene for the description of the actual detailed atomic structure of interfaces (Chapter 4). Part II concerns the thermodynamics of interfaces. The equilibrium thermodynamic formalism is first laid down (Chapter 5)and serves as a basis for discussion of interfacial phases and phase transitions in Chapter 6. Equilibrium segregation of solute atoms to interfaces is treated in Chapter 7. Part III concerns kinetic phenomena. These include atomic diffusion at interfaces (Chapter 8) and both the conservative and non-conservative motion of interfaces (Chapters 9 and 10, respectively). Non-conservative motion includes the important notion of interfaces as sources or sinks for diffusional fluxes of atoms. Part IV is devoted to properties and focuses on electrical and mechanical properties of interfaces (Chapters 11 and 12, respectively).

It took Professor Robert Balluffi at MIT and me six years to write this book between 1989 and 1994. First published in hardback and paperback by Oxford University Press in 1995 in the series Monographs on the Physics and Chemistry of Materials, it was reissued by OUP in 2006 as a paperback in the series Oxford Classic texts in the physical sciences. In 2016 it was published in Chinese by Higher Education Press in Beijing.

Available in paperback from OUP.com (print on demand)

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